Selenium Python bindings provides a dim-witted API to write functional/acceptance tests using Selenium WebDriver. Through Selenium Python API you can access all functionalities of Selenium WebDriver in an intuitive way .
Selenium Python bindings provide a convenient API to access Selenium WebDrivers like Firefox, Ie, Chrome, Remote etc. The current supported Python versions are 3.5 and above .
This documentation explains Selenium 2 WebDriver API. Selenium 1 / Selenium RC API is not covered here.
1.2. Installing Python bindings for Selenium¶
Use pip to install the selenium box. Python 3 has pip available in the standard library. Using pip, you can install selenium like this :
shoot install selenium
You may consider using virtualenv to create apart Python environments. Python 3 has venv which is about the same as virtualenv .
You can besides download Python bindings for selenium from the PyPI page for selenium package. and install manually .
1.3. Instructions for Windows users¶
- Install Python 3 using the MSI available in python.org download page .
- Start a instruction immediate using the
cmd.exeprogram and run the
pipcommand as given below to install selenium .
C :\ Python39\ Scripts\ blip. exe install selenium
now you can run your test scripts using Python. For model, if you have created a Selenium based script and saved it inside
C:\my_selenium_script.py, you can run it like this :
C :\ Python39\ python. exe C :\ my_selenium_script. py
1.4. Installing from Git sources¶
To build Selenium Python from the source code, clone the official repository. It contains the informant code for all official Selenium flavors, like Python, Java, Ruby and others. The Python code resides in the
/py directory. To build, you will besides need the Bazel build system .
presently, as Selenium gets near to the 4.0.0 let go of, it requires Bazel 3.2.0 ( Install instructions ), even though 3.3.0 is already available .
To build a bicycle from the sources, run the following command from the depository root :
bazel // py : selenium - wheel
This command will prepare the source code with some preprocessed JS files needed by some webdriver modules and build the
.whl software inside the
./bazel-bin/py/ directory. Afterwards, you can use
pip to install it .
selenium requires a driver to interface with the chosen browser. Firefox, for exercise, requires geckodriver, which needs to be installed before the below examples can be run. Make indisputable it ’ s in your PATH, e. g., place it in /usr/bin or /usr/local/bin .
failure to observe this measure will give you an error selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException : message : ‘ geckodriver ’ feasible needs to be in PATH .
other supported browsers will have their own drivers available. Links to some of the more popular browser drivers follow.
For more information about driver initiation, please refer the official documentation .
1.6. Downloading Selenium server¶
The Selenium server is only required if you want to use the remote
WebDriver. See the Using Selenium with outback WebDriver section for more details. If you are a founder learning Selenium, you can skip this section and proceed with following chapter .
selenium server is a coffee program. Java Runtime Environment ( JRE ) 1.6 or newer translation is recommended to run Selenium server .
You can download Selenium server 2.x from the download foliate of selenium web site. The file appoint should be something like this :
selenium-server-standalone-2.x.x.jar. You can constantly download the latest 2.x version of Selenium server .
If Java Runtime Environment ( JRE ) is not installed in your system, you can download the JRE from the Oracle web site. If you are using a GNU/Linux system and have root access in your arrangement, you can besides use your operate system instructions to install JRE .
If java command is available in the PATH ( environment variable ), you can start the Selenium server using this dominate :
java - jar selenium - server - standalone - 2. ten. ten. jar
replace 2.x.x with the actual translation of Selenium waiter you downloaded from the site .
If JRE is installed as a non-root user and/or if it is not available in the PATH ( environment varying ), you can type the relative or absolute path to the java instruction. similarly, you can provide a proportional or absolute path to Selenium server clash file. then, the command will look something like this :
/ way / to / java - jolt / path / to / selenium - server - standalone - 2. ten.x. clash
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