The Roman Pantheon is the most preserve and influential construction of ancient Rome. It is a roman temple dedicated to all the gods of heathen Rome. As the brick stamps on the side of the construct unwrap it was built and dedicated between A.D 118 and 125.
The emperor Hadrian (A.D 117-138) built the Pantheon to replace Augustus ’ supporter and Commander Marcus Agrippa ’ s Pantheon of 27 B.C. which burnt to the ground in 80 A.D.
When approaching the front of the Pantheon one can see the dedication above distillery reads in Latin the original dedication by Marcus Agrippa. The inscription reads :
“ Marcus Agrippa son of Lucius, having been consul three times made it ”. Despite all the improbable build up projects that the emperor Hadrian produced during his reign, he never inscribed his name to any, but one, the temple of his church father Trajan. That is why the Roman Pantheon bears the inscription of Marcus Agrippa, and not the emperor Hadrian .
This great Pantheon tour will help you understand this attraction to the fullest.
The pediment, ( the triangle section above the inscription ) is blank today, but there would have been sculpture that acted out the battle of the Titans. Great bronze doors guard the capture to the cella and would have been covered in gold, but it has long since disappeared. The original use of the Pantheon is slightly strange, except that is was classified as a temple. however, it is stranger as to how the people worshipped in the construction, because the structure of the temple is so different from other traditional Roman temples such as in the Roman Forum.
The Pantheon exists today in such amaze form because the Byzantine emperor Phocas gave it to Pope Boniface the IV in A.D 608 and it was used as a church ever since. The Pantheon has been in function since the clock time it was built .
Architecture of the Pantheon
Probably one of the most fascinating features of the Pantheon is the Architecture. The structure of the Pantheon is comprised of a series of intersecting arches.
The arches rest on eight piers which support eight round-headed arches which run through the drum from its inner to its outer face.
The arches correspond to the eight bays on the floor level that house statues.
The dome itself is supported by a series of arches that run horizontally round.
Romans had perfected the use of arches which helped sustain the weight of their magnanimous buildings.
probably one of the most bewitching features of the Pantheon is the Architecture. The social organization of the Pantheon is comprised of a series of intersecting arches. The arches rest on eight piers which support eight round-headed arches which run through the drum from its inside to its out side. The arches correspond to the eight bays on the shock horizontal surface that house statues.The dome itself is supported by a series of arches that run horizontally round. Romans had perfected the use of arches which helped sustain the weight of their greathearted buildings.
The Romans were aware of the heavy nature of their build materials. So they used lighter materials toward the circus tent of the attic. \ On the lowest flat travertine, the heaviest fabric was used, then a assortment of travertine and tufa, then tuff and brick, then all brick was used around the drum section of the dome, and finally pumice, the lightest and most holey of materials on the ceiling of the dome.
This function of light materials on top alleviated the huge burden of the dome. The Roman Pantheon was probably constructed by using an elaborate apparatus of wooden scaffold, which in itself would have been costly. The elegant coffers on the attic were probable strike with a device that was exacted from floor flat.
The contingent of this building is extraordinary. If the attic of the rotundra were flipped top down it would fit perfectly inside the rotunda. When approaching the pantheon from the outside it appears orthogonal in shape. But it is only the first base small room ( cella ) that has corners. The rotunda is wholly round. The small entrance board would have been entered by climbing a stairway that is now wholly under modern land level. besides, in antiquity there would have been a big colonnaded enclosure in front of the build making it about impossible for one to glimpse the dome at the back.
The statues of Augustus and Agrippa stood in the apse at the goal of the colonnaded side aisles of the entrance.
The inside design of the Roman Pantheon is a hit synthesis of tradition and initiation. The dimensions of the interior altitude and the diameter of the dome are the lapp ( 145 Roman feet., which is 141 feet. 8 inches ; 43.2m ).
The architect, who is unknown, did this on aim to show the harmony of the building. The marble facing that we see nowadays on the home was for the most region added late.
however, the Roman Pantheon in its present express allows us a glance into the fantastic and arresting worldly concern of Roman architecture. The dome would have been gilded to look like the heavenly sphere of all the gods that the identify Pantheon evokes. The eye was an engineering muffin of the Roman world. No eye had even dared come close in size to the one in the Pantheon. It is still lined with the master Roman bronze and is the chief informant of light for the solid build. As the earth turns the sparkle flows in to circle the inside making the viewer mindful of the impressiveness of the universe. The eye was never covered and rain falls into the inside and runs off the slenderly convex floor to the hush functioning Roman drainpipes underneath. The Pantheon has since antiquity been used to inspire artists during the Renaissance angstrom well as become the grave for crucial figures in italian history. The italian kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I a well as the celebrated Renaissance cougar Raphael and his fiancée are buried in the Pantheon. It is a fantastic exemplar of moment hundred Roman architecture. It boasts mathematical ace and simpleton geometry that today inactive impresses architects and amazes the eyes of casual viewers .
Location: Piazza della Rotonda, Rome
Mon – Sat: 9 am – 6.30 pm and Sun: 9 am –1 pm.
Tel: +39 06 68300230
: plaza della Rotonda, RomeMon – Sat : 9 am – 6.30 phase modulation and Sun : 9 am –1 pm.Tel : +39 06 68300230