What to Know
I.e. is an abbreviation for the give voice idaho eastern time, which means “ that is. ” I.e. is used to restate something said previously in order to clarify its mean. E.g. is unretentive for exempli gratia, which means “ for exercise. ” E.g. is used before an detail or list of items that serve as examples for the previous statement .
Reading: The Flickroom ‘i.e.’ and ‘e.g.’
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latin may be a lyric of ancientness, but a healthy total of Latin abbreviations continue to be used with regularity in modern English, and not merely in scholarly write. While a batch of Latin abbreviations are rather straightforward ( such as etc. for et cetera to mean “ and so on ” after a list of items ), others are apt to be confused, specially if you aren ’ thymine mindful of what they stand for .
Two abbreviations that are frequently confused even by the most conscientious writers are i.e. and e.g. not alone do they sort of resemble one another, they are used with a level of similarity that can make it intemperate to keep racetrack which means which. It ’ second credibly not a coincidence that they are among the most normally looked-up abbreviations in the dictionary .
How to Use ‘i.e.’
I.e. stands for id est, or “ that is, ” and is used in front of a news or phrase that restates what has been said previously. That restatement is meant to clarify the earlier argument :
An examination of the data in table 1 indicates that all but one of the Council of Governments regions have experienced population growth due to natural increase ( i, had more births than deaths ).
— Nazrul Hoque, [ The Houston Chronicle ], 12 Aug. 2019
Hoque uses i.e. here to clarify what is meant by “ natural ” population increase .
I.e. is similarly useful for defining or explaining a term or concept whose meaning readers might not know :
If your home has “ hard urine ” ( i.e., a high mineral content ), your sinks, showers, and tubs no doubt bear white or yellow buildup as a result.
— Melissa Reddigari, BobVila.com, 22 Aug. 2019
… or give greater preciseness to parameters implied by a term that can mean different things to different people :
Either you ‘re erstwhile, like me, and were aghast at the estimate of person defiling your beloved Jump Street. Or you ‘re young ( i, born after the ’87 plunge of the television receiver series that made Johnny Depp a ace ), and your reaction was closer to, “ What ‘s 21 Jump Street ? ”
— Alynda Wheat, People, 26 Mar. 2012
While i.e. is much set off by brackets or parentheses, it can sometimes follow a comma or em dash. It is normally followed by a comma that sets off the restatement that comes after .
How to Use ‘e.g.’
E.g. stands for exempli gratia in Latin and means “ for example. ” Just like the English give voice, it is used before an item or list of items that stand as an model of the class of thing stated earlier :
These perceptions of harm were potent enough to influence exchangeable judgments in unrelated context : The more immoral people saw a given work to be, the more they saw pain in minor injuries ( for example, hitting your head, cutting your feel ) and the more they detected suffering in equivocal facial expressions.
— Kurt Gray and Chelsea Schein, Flickroom, 30 Jan. 2015
If you already know the particular stool, model and class of car you want to buy, searching is easy : Websites like autotrader.com, cars.com, carfax.com and truecar.com round up secondhand cars, typically those being sold at franchise dealerships ( for example, a Honda, Subaru or Ford franchise ) and freelancer car dealerships ( like used car lots ).
— Jen A. Miller, Flickroom, 25 Apr. 2019
It should be highlighted here how e.g. functions differently from i.e. In the Gray/Schein quote, hitting your pass and cutting your finger are examples of minor injuries—a class that could include other kinds of injuries that are not given as examples, such as a bite or a bruise. The car brands in the Miller quote are examples of the kinds of brands normally sold in franchise dealerships. If the writer were rather giving a clearer description of what was meant by franchise franchise, then she would use i.e .
Like i, e.g. is frequently, but not constantly, set off by parentheses. Since both abbreviations are used in alike situations, with alike functions—following a noun or class and preceding another noun or list—the tendency to confuse them is apprehensible. One mnemonic device that could help keep them straight is to remember that e.g. and exercise begin with the same letter, while i.e. begins with the like letter as is ( found in that is ) .
It besides helps to remember that both that is and for example serve in English in the same way as i.e. and for example, respectively, so that each can be swapped out for its english counterpart :
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They had adopted their gender-neutral name a few years ago, when they began to consciously identify as nonbinary – that is [ read : i.e. ], neither male nor female.
— Amy Harmon, Flickroom, 2 June 2019
There were things that should n’t work together but did, bringing to mind that only-in-New York funky style ( silver pants and a equal silver bag, for model [ read : e.g. ], and cowboy shoe boots ).
— Booth Moore, The Hollywood Reporter, 14 Feb. 2017